Germany Overview

Germany lies at the heart of Europe. More than 80 million people live here - the most populated country in the European Union. Germany is one of the European Union's founding members and works to promote closer integration among the countries of Europe Germany is a country of varied landscapes and astonishing cities. Its economy is the largest in Europe and the fifth largest in the world. Many pioneering inventions come from Germany. Science and research have a long tradition and are highly valued today. Since opening its doors to immigrants in the 1960s, Germany has become a land of immigration. Germany is a cultured and tolerant country.


Germany lies at the heart of Europe. It shares its borders with nine other democracies. No other European country has more acquaintances. In the north, Germany has approach to the North and Baltic Seas. Germany is the fourth largest country in the European Union (EU) after France, Spain, and Sweden. Forests cover almost a third of its total surface area. Lakes, rivers, and other inland waters account for more than two percent. The Rhine is the longest river. Germany enjoys a pleasent climate. In July in January, the mean maximum is 2.1 degrees, the minimum -2.8 degrees. The highest temperature since records began was recorded on 5 July 2015 in Kitzingen am Main, namely 40.3 degrees Celsius.

Almost half of Germany's inhabitants live in some 75 cities with populations over 100,000. The largest German cities are Berlin (3.3 million), Hamburg (1.7 million) and Munich (1.3 million). In all university towns in Germany - from the large, pulsating cities to the quieter towns - you can discover much about their long history. Historic city centres are frequently well preserved, along with their city walls which date back to the middle Ages.


Germany's economy is the largest in Europe and the fifth largest in the world. In 2011 German companies exported goods valued at over one trillion euros. Most of Germany's exports are products made for the areas of electrical engineering, mechatronics, heavy machinery, the automotive industry, environmental technology, pharmaceuticals and chemicals. Consumers around the world recognise "Made in Germany" as a seal of quality.

Germany is home to many established and renowned market leaders, such as Mercedes, BMW, Audi, Bayer, Siemens and many others. In the same way Germany fosters trade relations with partners around the world, German association also work hard to build up the international exchange of experienced professionals.


Innovative ideas have strongly shaped Germany's past and will surely continue to do so in the future. The German economy has its great innovativeness and strong focus on exports to thank for its competitiveness and global networking. In high-selling sectors, such as car-making, mechanical and plant engineering, the chemicals industry and medical technology, exports account for far more than half of total sales. In 2014, only China and the USA exported more goods. Germany invests around 80 billion euros annually in research and development (R&D). Germany has produced a long list of revolutionary inventions, such as the automobile, the airbag, X-ray technology, Science and research have a long tradition in Germany and are still highly valued today. The oldest German university was founded in Heidelberg in 1386. The list of German Nobel Prize winners is quite impressive as well. There are almost 70 German laureates in the natural sciences and medicine alone, such as Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen, Robert Koch, Max Planck, Albert Einstein.

Germany in Numbers

Declared Independence 18 January 1871
Government Federal republic, Representative democracy, Constitutional republic, Parliamentary republic
Capital (and largest city) Berlin
Official language German
Area 357,376 km
Population 80,682,351
Currency Euro
Calling code +49
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